Test your knowledge by seeing how many of these Chelsea-related questions you can answer correctly.[wp-simple-survey-4]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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
A tit-for-tat imposition of trade tariffs has pitted China against the U.S. and Europe and could slow the growth of photovoltaic installations worldwide, according to a report in The Washington Post.China was setting tariffs as high as 57% on U.S.-produced polysilicon, a key ingredient used in the manufacture of PV panels. The U.S. and the European have imposed tariffs of their own on Chinese-made panels, and the combination will not only hurt U.S. polysilicon manufacturers but boost prices worldwide, The Post said.REC Silicon has a manufacturing plant in Moses Lake, Washington, that employs more than 500 workers. The plant exports 80% of the polysilicon it produces to China, but some customers there are already canceling orders.In 2012, the U.S. produced 24% of the global supply of polysilicon. Prices have been falling for more than a decadeThe trade dispute may eventually mean higher prices, but the long-term trend has been in the other direction.NPD Solarbuzz, a solar market research company, reports solar module prices have dropped steadily over the past decade in both the U.S. and Europe.By March of this year, Solarbuzz reported prices for 329 modules had fallen below $2 per watt. The lowest price for a multi-crystalline module was $1.06 per watt (the module cost is about 35% to 40% of the total installed cost of a PV system).
Mohammad KhatamiH.E. HUJJAT-UL-ISLAM SEYED MOHAMMAD KHATAMIFORMER PRESIDENT OF IRAN In the historical view of Iranians, India is the land of the “life tree,” the “elixir of immortality” and the “tree of wisdom”. The tree thus described by Rumi: “Anyone who eats or takes its fruit/ He would never age or,Mohammad KhatamiH.E. HUJJAT-UL-ISLAM SEYED MOHAMMAD KHATAMIFORMER PRESIDENT OF IRAN In the historical view of Iranians, India is the land of the “life tree,” the “elixir of immortality” and the “tree of wisdom”. The tree thus described by Rumi: “Anyone who eats or takes its fruit/ He would never age or die.” I want to base my discussions on that epistemological and historical outlook to reach a defined strategy. It has been correctly asserted that of all ancient Asian civilisations, Indian and Iranian thoughts are closest to each other. Apart from the old kinship that exists between the two civilisations, both share a philosophical and prudent understanding of the world. Besides, the two also share a common spiritual experience-which will ultimately translate into freedom and salvation in the form of Ishraq (enlightenment) and mystical experience. An experience wherein freedom and salvation go hand in hand with love for oneness and the will to get over paradoxes.The power of synthesis, which is a prominent characteristic of the Iranian thought, is distinctively featured in India, embracing everything from myths to philosophical opinions, from experiments to religious convictions, from democracy to development. Dialogue about this cultural heritage and the power to combine paradoxes or contraries is not solely a concern for intellectuals and philosophers, but provokes thought on the driving force that can instigate survival, self-respect and the blossoming of a civilisation in the age of communication and historical swiftness-for which India is a flag-bearer in the wake of its all-out and sustainable development.advertisementBased on this discussion, the obvious question is whether there are common grounds for an Asian thought that can be spoken about-common grounds that are based on cultural heritage and have a thing to say and a plan to act upon in today’s integrated world. As a matter of fact, Asia, which is the cradle of dynamic human civilisations and cultures, and a platform of great religions, can be a place that engenders a generative global thought. Asian cultures, given their deeply shared outlook on living, human beings and society, can make a contribution to generating global forces of civilisation if communication between them continues to grow.Further communication between original and genuine cultures that are based on thought, realism, moderation and aesthetics, will culminate in the enhancement and promotion of a just peace in a broad-based democracy and an all-out development in the whole world. Today the world is in dire need of interaction despite differences, friendship despite competition, and unity despite pluralism. This is why we should reach a new perspective in terms of relations, cooperation, regional and international partnerships-an atmosphere in which the global community can stride on a new path, far away from tension, interference and the domination of the world by the ones wielding power and wealth.THE DIALOGUE MUST BE AIMED AT NEGATING EXTREMISM AND VIOLENCE APART FROM TACKLING DISCRIMINATION IN THE WORLD.Unfortunately, colonialism and historical backwardness have prevented the ancient Asian civilisations from getting to know one another as much as they need to. The image we have of one another is less direct, and through mediators. The image, made by others, through which we look at each other, is not perfect and transparent, if not distorted. The input and the channels through which global communications take place will by no means mirror the full image of any of us. We should seek to discover new strategies and methods that are direct, and work without mediators. Under such circumstances, dialogue between thinkers and intellectuals engaged in any area ranging from culture and knowledge to politics, economics and sociology, can help build new structures and trends that will give rise to development of Asian communication and integration of our civilisations, which will eventually facilitate our contribution to building a better world for ourselves and for the rest of the people in the world.I have spoken quite frequently about the dialogue of civilisations and cultures not only as a notion but as a strategy and a work-plan. If the world is supposed to maximise the helpfulness of its wonderful and creative power in an age referred to as the age of communication, while minimising all its destructive power, there is no method other than dialogue that can make this practical in all cultural and civilisational levels.Let me emphasise a certain feature of the dialogue of civilisations, which has a long and precious track record in India and Iran-an aspect that can be used as a work-plan for following up on the dialogue of civilisations in the world today. In this type of dialogue, the West is not posed against the East, or for that matter Asia against others. Instead, this dialogue is a strategy that can boost the capacity of Asia and the West versus violence, despotism, inequality and poverty. I think of a dialogue in the horizon of global civilisation, which will help keep Asia, the West and the whole world away from the horrendous conditions under which a ‘monologue’ system would be predominant.advertisementThe world today is broader than Asia, Europe, the East, the West, the North and the South. Like in the past, we should have a loving heart and a spiritual thought in order to achieve a synthesis for freedom of humans in the East and the West. Once, when colonialism was in its ascendancy, Rudyard Kipling, a British poet of Indian origin, wrote that the East is East and the West is West, and that the two would never catch up. The piece reflects the arrogance and self-importance of a civilisation, which, despite its great and astounding achievements, sought to dominate the world. Colonialism was engendered by this fantasy and illusion, and held political and economic motivations proportionate to this morale.Today is a different day, however. Today, that western self-importance, which was the source of ignoring and humiliating others, is a plan hardly respected by the world’s intelligentsia. Nevertheless, its remnants are still witnessed in the precarious vision and methods advised by some powerful western politicians-an issue that has not only put the East in trouble, but also endangered the long-term interests of the West.History, after Kipling, has kept in mind Gandhi, who would define the conquered East and the arrogant West in a different paradigm. Gandhi’s grandeur lies in the fact that he even deprived himself of the gaiety of victory over his adversaries so the old wound could heal. He would reckon his victory, which was nothing but the victory of truth and non-violence, with a spectacular gentleness so that his energy, which had driven him out of his homeland, would not feel humiliated.THE EAST NEEDS WEST’S REALISM AND CREATIVE REASON. THE DIALOGUE SHOULD BE A STRATEGY AND A WORKING PLAN.In his view, the East and the West were not the East and the West as defined by colonialists. Perhaps he had a belief in this piece by the German poet Goethe, who said, “East and West both belong to God”. I am certain that Goethe had perceived this from God’s long discourse in the holy Quran that “Allah ul-Mashriq, al Maghrib” (God is there both in the East and the West). Now that horror and terror fills the East and the West of the turbulent world, it is high time we thought of a new approach to save humanity. Dialogue in a framework of the paradigm I just mentioned can make a great contribution to this.We should use the experience human beings have amassed, to realise that the materialistic brain of the West is, more than ever, in need of Eastern wisdom, which is oriented towards elevation and perfection. Equally, the Eastern soul needs the West’s realism and creative reason. The devastating slits in the human body-both in the West and East- should be healed. We should contemplate the experience of human beings so that a part of their fate is composed in the West and the other part in the East.advertisementLet us assert that the optimal human being is a combination of the Eastern soul and Western realism and this would only be accomplished if the West and the East pursue dialogue with a purpose and understand each other. This is a great notion that must be followed even in a small scale wherever possible.We need a developed, progressive and humanistic world for all the people, not for just a certain proportion of the world’s population. Meanwhile, we should do our best to prevent our perfection-oriented and truth-seeking soul from being plagued by the tight and routine curls of materialism. It is only then that we can be released from the troubles caused by poverty, ignorance, despotism and incapacity against nature. Under such circumstances, the expansive soul of man, who is the cream of the crop of all creatures, will not be taken captive by the materialistic demands of his body.It is high time that the West and the East looked into each other as complimentary entities, rather than ones that oppose each other and tend to make the world a scene for a disastrous confrontation. They should learn from each other and see humans in the broad spectrum of perfection within their souls, and make globalisation translate into the humanisation of the world.It is from this perspective that I lay emphasis on a dialogue of civilisations and cultures in the context of a conversation that is aimed at isolating and negating extremism and violence, and tackling insecurity and discrimination in all corners of the world. This will then help thinkers and intellectuals to join civil, national, regional and international organisations to pool ideas and think of ways to change the status quo of the world. They should help make a transition from a paradigm, the consequences of which, in the contemporary age, have been world wars, regional wars, cold war, occupation, repression and terrorism- into a paradigm of peace, security and democracy, both at the national and international levels. You and we have looked at the world compassionately. Then what could be better than us building the human world on the basis of compassion and tolerance enamelled with justice? Your thinkers and artistes, and ours, who have envisioned and led these mysterious perspectives, can open the horizons in the media or organisations in which they are involved. DiscussionQ. Today Iran is facing international isolation over its nuclear ambition and is on the path of confrontation with the world again. If you were the president today, how would you guide your country? Khatami: Iran has huge oil and gas reserves, but these are going to be exhausted very soon. The other issue is that fossil fuels are harmful to the environment, and there is a need for finding a good replacement for these fuels. So nuclear energy is important, as it is the most accessible kind of energy. Iran has the legitimate right to think about future sources of energy and have nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. We are very much concerned about the proliferation of nuclear arms. It is a major concern for every one. I had proposed in the UN that the Middle East should be a nuclear-free zone. And we have stated that we do not see any place for nuclear weapons in Iran. Iran is a member to NPT and it’s our right to have nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. We would be able to resolve the dispute through negotiations so that Iran’s legitimate right is accepted. We would also give objective guarantees that Iran would never go towards nuclear weapon technology.Q. Would you guarantee that Iran would neither develop nuclear weapons nor help others to do so? Khatami: I would give you the guarantee that Iran would never help any country to be a threat to any other country and I would guarantee that Iran would never seek access to nuclear weapons.Q. What is the state of women’s empowerment in your country, especially in terms of politics and business? Khatami: We have made great progress in human rights and in many areas, men share their rights with women. In my time as president, the number of girls admitted to the universities was 60 per cent, as compared to boys, who constituted only 40 per cent. Women do occupy positions in government and in business. But there are some limitations and restrictions based on the Iranian Constitution, which do not allow women to stand for presidency. In future we will remove these obstacles. I believe that from the Islamic and human point of view there is no obstacle to having a woman as a president.Q. Iran is an Islamic republic based on an absolute faith which does not brook dissent. Pluralism requires that we respect and accept people’s right to dissent. How do you reconcile these in terms of living in a pluralistic and globalised world? Khatami: Islam respects all religions. Establishing an Islamic republic does not deny people belonging to other faiths the rights they deserve. In our Constitution, we have recognised the rights of other religions with freedom of thought, activity, speech and access to some posts. Pluralism depends on the culture of the society. In some countries there may be an improper understanding of religion that says we have the right to exist and other don’t. In the Islamic republic of Iran it is not like that at all.