10 months agoLiverpool boss Jurgen Klopp: We’re ignoring Man City

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp: We’re ignoring Man Cityby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool boss Jurgen Klopp is happy to be top of the table again after victory over Manchester United.Klopp insists he wasn’t bothered by Manchester City returning to the summit before Liverpool kicked off.He said, “We ignored it completely. I cannot say we passed [the test of winning after City won] because we didn’t think about it. I didn’t mention it one time. We are not silly, we know the table. Are you focused on it or not? I said it before, we played tonight Man United – and not against United and City. “That’s the only way I know and we really didn’t speak about it. I think that already helps. It’s not that they win and then we come together, train and say: ‘Did you see what City did?’ We are focused on our game and we will see where it leads us to. “If there is a moment in the end of the season when we’re still around them and we have to think about [them] and start hoping they drop points, maybe – I don’t know today. In the moment we respect them a lot, they respect us, and we have to win football games against all the others. Then we meet on January 3 again and then we think about City a lot.” last_img read more

17 days agoNakhi Wells keen on QPR stay

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Nakhi Wells keen on QPR stayby Paul Vegas17 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveNahki Wells would welcome a permanent switch to Queens Park Rangers.The Burnley striker has excelled during his second loan spell with West London, having scored seven goals this season.Asked about joining QPR permanently, Wells said: “That’s all stuff that’s beyond any of my decision-making of course.”But I think the club, the fans, the board – everyone knows what my decision would be.”I love it here, it feels like home to me.”Of course football is a business though and there’s a lot more that goes into it than just me saying I’d like to stay here.”But if it was possible I wouldn’t hesitate one bit.” last_img read more

PCTC Liberty Joins ARCs Fleet

first_imgNew Jersey-based carrier American Roll-on Roll-off Carrier (ARC) has added M/V Liberty, a 2006-built pure car and truck carrier (PCTC) to its fleet. A naming ceremony will be held in the port of Charleston, South Carolina, in June 2017, according to the company.Previously known as M/V Topeka, the 6,350 car equivalent units (CEU) ship was re-flagged to American registry on January 31, 2017. The re-flagging was conducted by the US Coast Guard (USCG) in the port of Bremenhaven, Germany, the firm said.VesselsValue’s data shows that M/V Liberty was owned by Norway-based RoRo shipping company Wilh. Wilhelmsen ASA.Being the eight RoRo vessel in ARC’s fleet, the vessel has a length of 200 meters and a beam of 32.2 meters.M/V Liberty is able to carry tracked vehicles, helicopters, trucks and other military and high and heavy project cargoes and will be enrolled in the Maritime Security Program (MSP) and the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (VISA), ARC said.Founded in 1990, ARC is owned 50/50 by Wilh. Wilhelmsen ASA and Wallenius.last_img read more

Rates of syphilis increase in Alberta

first_imgSouth Zone: 31 cases, an increase of 138.5 percent compared to 2017Calgary Zone: 206 cases, an increase of 7.3 percent compared to 2017Central Zone: 88 cases, an increase of 266.7 percent compared to 2017Edmonton Zone: 977 cases, an increase of 305.4 percent compared to 2017North Zone: 208 cases, an increase of 324.5 percent compared to 2017 In 2018, a total of 1,536 cases of infectious syphilis were reported compared to 161 in 2014, almost a tenfold increase. The government shares this rate of infectious syphilis has not been this high in Alberta since 1948.While congenital syphilis cases were rare before the outbreak, There were 22 congenital syphilis cases between 2014 and 2018, one of which was stillborn. Congenital syphilis, which occurs when a child is born to a mother with syphilis, is a severe, disabling and life-threatening disease.Consistent and correct condom use is an important protection against STIs such as syphilis.As with other STIs, the symptoms of syphilis may not be obvious.Health experts recommend sexually active people, regardless of gender, age or sexual orientation, get tested every three to six months if they:have a sexual partner with a known STIhave a new sexual partner or multiple or anonymous sexual partnershave a previous history of an STI diagnosishave been sexually assaultedIt is critical that anyone who is pregnant seeks early prenatal care and testing for syphilis during pregnancy.Anyone experiencing STI-related symptoms should seek testing and speak to a family doctor to find testing and treatment options.In the 2018 case counts for infectious syphilis by AHS zone: EDMONTON, AB – Infectious and congenital syphilis rates have escalated across the province over the past five years, with a sharp increase in 2018.Due to the rapid increase in syphilis cases, Alberta’s chief medical officer of health, Dr. Deena Hinshaw, has declared a provincial outbreak and is encouraging Albertans to get tested and protect themselves.“We need to emphasize for all Albertans: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are a risk to anyone who is sexually active, particularly people who have new sex partners and are not using protection. I encourage anyone who is sexually active to get tested regularly. Anyone in Alberta can access STI testing and treatment for free,” said Dr. Deena Hinshaw, Chief Medical Officer of Health.last_img read more

World Jet Boat Championships wrap up in Taylor

first_imgTAYLOR, B.C. – The World Jet Boat Championships wrapped up on Sunday in Taylor.The team from the US, Bat outta Hell, ended up winning in the unlimited division.  Fort St. John’s Gord Humphrey and his navigator Jason Palfy ended up on 5th.In the CX division, Fort St. John Stacy Kelm and navigator Ty Wheat in the boat Xcalibur finished in sixth place followed by racers Trapper Wolsey and navigator Jimmy Jackson in eighth.  In the same division in twelfth place was the Fort St. John boat of Clayton Wolsey and navigator Ryley Tschiedel. While the racing caused most of the excitement, there was a scary moment on Sunday afternoon as one of the boats caught fire.  A team from New Zealand lost a boat, but everyone was able to escape the fire without injury.The Peace Country River Rats would like to thank all their sponsors, volunteers and fans for helping to make this event a success.On top of the racing, the club also drew for the grand prize winners for their $10,000 raffle.  Below are the winners:Angela Prevost $10,000Leanne Humphrey $3,000Brad Small $2,000last_img read more

BJP never said Rs15L will come to your account, says Rajnath Singh

first_imgNew Delhi: Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh has said the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) never made promises of transferring Rs 15 lakh into bank accounts of the people. “Never said Rs 15 lakh will come (to accounts of people). We had said that we will take action (karyawahi) against black money. Action is being taken against black money. It was our government which made SIT on the topic of black money,” a news agency quoted Rajnath Singh as saying. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’The statement of the Union minister comes in the backdrop of opposition parties slamming the BJP for making false promises to woo the people of India ahead of the 2014 Lok Sabha elections and repeating it yet again in 2019. Bringing black money was one of the key issues for the 2014 elections. In this year’s manifesto of the BJP, there is a mention of cracking down on parallel economy but it doesn’t occupy pride of place in speeches by political leaders. Also Read – Farooq demands unconditional release of all detainees in J&KThe opposition, especially the Congress, has been quick to point out that the BJP has not delivered on ‘bringing back home illegal wealth stashed abroad’ as was promised. Refuting allegations of political vendetta behind Income Tax Department and Enforcement Directorate raids on opposition leaders and their aides, home minister Rajnath Singh said the agencies are autonomous bodies and they are acting on their inputs. In an interview to ANI, Singh said, “The agencies which are conducting raids are autonomous bodies. Model Code of Conduct does not apply to them. They are acting on their inputs. How can we stop them?”last_img read more

Urban Meyer issues statement asking for help in search for Ohio States

OSU redshirt-senior defensive lineman Kosta KarageorgeCredit: OSU AthleticsOhio State football coach Urban Meyer released a statement Friday afternoon praising the hard work of senior defensive lineman Kosta Karageorge — who was reported missing Thursday morning — and asking for anyone with knowledge of his whereabouts to come forward.“Our thoughts continue to be with the family of Kosta Karageorge and we pray that he is safe and that he is found soon,” Meyer said in his statement. “He is a young man who joined the football team in August and was a hard worker on the field and pleasant off the field. He has been an important player in practice for us, right up until the time he was reported missing. If anyone knows anything about his whereabouts, please help his family and contact the authorities.”According to a Facebook post from Karageorge’s mother, the player — who also wrestled at OSU — was last seen at about 2 a.m. on Wednesday. The post explained that Karageorge’s family had traced his phone to the Grandview area of Columbus.The OSU release containing Meyer’s statement also had a statement from team physician Dr. Jim Borchers.According to a report by The Columbus Dispatch, Karageorge’s sister, Sophia Karageorge, said the family was concerned he might have been suffering from symptoms  related to concussions.In his statement, Borchers said he was unable to comment on Kosta Karageorge’s health, but reinforced his confidence in OSU’s medical practices.“First and foremost, our primary concern is for health, safety and welfare of Kosta,” Borchers said in his statement. “While we are not able to discuss or comment about the medical care regarding our student-athletes, we are confident in our medical procedures and policies to return athletes to participation following injury or illness.”A tweet sent from Karageorge’s personal Twitter account (@kostadinos81) provided a number to contact with any information about where he might be.“Kosta was last seen around 2 am November 26. His family is asking for prayers & any info regarding his whereabouts.Please call: 614-747-1729,” the tweet said.Karageorge was listed by OSU among 24 seniors set to be honored during the Buckeyes’ matchup with Michigan on Saturday, marking the last game of their regular season and their last game of the season at Ohio Stadium. Kickoff is set for noon. read more

Ronaldo is advising Neymar in Russia

first_imgNeymar is under heavy pressure to impress his nation by bringing the 2018 World Cup trophy home and, in order to help him cope with this burden, he has been receiving advice from Ronaldo Nazario.Ronaldo who understands what it’s like to be in Neymar’s position, because he went through similar experiences in 1998 and in 2002, experiencing tremendous heartbreak in France and then incredible joy in South Korea and Japan. Neymar and Ronaldo have been friends for several years and are regularly talking to each other during this World Cup.Ronaldo’s visits to the Brazil camp have become regular, with the legendary striker greeting the whole squad and then spending some private time with Neymar.As well as this, Ronaldo has been publically backing the PSG star during his appearances as a pundit for O’Globo.“We cannot forget that Neymar is just back from a very significant foot injury and that he is regaining his confidence right now,” he said at the end of the Costa Rica win via Marca.Neymar responds to PSG criticism with a stunning winner Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Despite all the backlash he got today at Parc des Princes, Neymar responded by scoring a stunning winner vs Strasbourg.We all knew that Neymar’s…“I am sure that his goal will help to boost his morale and that things will go better for him now.“He is trying everything, as he dribbles, runs, fights and looks for solutions.“His goal will give him a lot of strength to be the leader of the Selecao.”Also, Neymar’s father is also offering support to the player and has regularly been visiting the hotel.last_img read more

Saudi Arabia out for redemption – Al Muwallad

first_imgSaudi Arabia winger Fahad Al Muwallad insists that the squad are looking at their final Group A game against Egypt as an opportunity for redemptionThe Falcons have yet to score at the World Cup and are at risk of becoming one of the 11 teams that failed to find the back of the net even once at the tournament with Honduras and Algeria the last teams to do so in 2010.Saudi Arabia’s elimination from the World Cup was confirmed in their 1-0 defeat to Uruguay, after losing 5-0 to hosts Russia in their opening game.But, in what will be their first tournament meeting against Egypt since the 1999 Confederations Cup, Al Muwallad has promised the fans that Saudi Arabia will be giving it their all to win their final match.“Regarding the administrative aspect, everyone has done their best,” said the Al Ittihad forward, according to The National.Paulo Dybala reveals a falling out with Jorge Sampaoli Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – July 12, 2019 After having a relatively good Copa America performance with Argentina, Paulo Dybala came out to reveal a fall out with Jorge Sampaoli.We’ve discussed how…“The team managers gave us a great deal of support and Saudi Arabia supporters as well, but perhaps we wasted a few opportunities.“But we have a chance to make up for what happened. We have a bright future ahead of us as players. Tomorrow we want to win the three points and make the Saudi fans happy. We hope that we are able to do so.“Our match against Egypt will be very difficult. Every team dreams of winning a World Cup game. We want those three points, regardless of the opponent. We fully respect the Egypt side and I think they recognise that the Saudi team is a team to be reckoned with. We will enjoy our match tomorrow.”The two nations will meet at the Volgograd Arena today at 16:00 (GMT +2).last_img read more

Tevez urges Argentina to do everything to keep Messi

first_imgCarlos Tevez believes that it is essential that Lionel Messi remains with Argentina and he has urged the national side to do everything in their power to convince him to continue representing them at the international stageThe Barcelona superstar endured a miserable World Cup campaign this summer with Argentina being eliminated at the last-16 stage by eventual champions France after barely scraping through the group stages.The exit from the competition has extended Messi’s long wait for a first senior international title with Argentina head coach Jorge Sampaoli now no longer in charge.But the pressing issue for La Albiceleste now is the uncertain future of Messi, who has yet to confirm his plans for the future.The 31-year-old had briefly retired from international duty following Argentina’s Copa America final defeats to Chile in 2015-16.However, Tevez is certain that cannot happen and he urged his country to do everything in their power to hold on to their all-time leading goalscorer.FC Barcelona, Valencia CFMatch Preview: Barcelona vs Valencia Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Is derby time in La Liga, as Barcelona welcomes Valencia to the Camp Nou Stadium tonight at 21:00 (CET).He told ESPN: “I think Leo has to think about himself,”“He has to think that, if there is not a project that makes him happy and in which he feels comfortable, it is very difficult to take the responsibility of leading Argentina to become champions by himself.“We are wasting a lot of time not having him happy and not being able to give him a hand to achieve that target. I think we are wrong in not being able to help him feel comfortable.“As a player and as an Argentine I tell him that we need him, that he tries to rest, that he keeps a cool head and that we need him. We need him because he is the soul of Argentina and, as long as he continues playing football, it has to be that way because he is Argentina’s biggest idol and he has to take that responsibility.“Now [I tell him] to rest, keep a cool head and try to be well, then we need him to take charge and on the pitch.”Tevez made 76 appearances for Argentina at international level himself, but was not included in the World Cup squad following his return to Boca Juniors earlier this year.last_img read more

Steven Gerrard is still furious

first_imgThe Rangers boss is still angry after the goalless draw against St. Johnstone last Saturday in the Scottish Premier League.Last Saturday, on Matchday 26 of the Scottish Premier League, Rangers and Saint Johnstone drew 0-0 at Ibrox Stadium.This made Ghers’ boss Steven Gerrard so angry that he went to the press conference to say his team will not win the Scottish national tournament this season.The team is currently in the second position of the league with 52 points, eight behind leaders Celtic.And today, three days after the game, Gerrard is still feeling angry about it.“On the evidence of what’s gone before, I don’t think it was brutal,” Gerrard said to STV TV about telling the raw truth to his players.“I think it was honest.”“I think probably 99 out of 100 managers would tell them the same thing if they had seen what I saw on Saturday,” he continued.“Maybe I put it across in a more honest and truthful way but I’m not going to change. I don’t want to lie to the players or mislead them or tell them stuff I don’t believe in.”“The reaction can’t be for me, it’s got to be for the fans and the club. St Johnstone brought 100 or 150 supporters at that game and we had 49,000,” he added.Mikey Johnston, CelticJohnston is disappointed after being injured Manuel R. Medina – September 11, 2019 Celtic winger Mikey Johnston was disappointed to miss Scotland Under 21 national team’s victories over San Marino and Croatia, and he hopes he can return to play soon.“They are the ones who deserve the standards and the level of performance. It’s my job to just tell the players and be truthful with them and that’s how I do it.”“I think the St Johnstone game wasn’t just a problem in the 90 minutes,” he said. “Having looked back at the week leading into it, there are certain things that didn’t really look right.”Rangers have a very important match tomorrow night when they play in the Scottish Cup Fifth Round Replay against Kilmarnock after drawing goalless with them on February 9th.“The good thing with this group of players is that they know where they’ve gone wrong,” he commented.“But there’s another opportunity and another chance to put that right on Wednesday.“I think the task will be similar in many ways – we know Steve Clarke will come with a plan and he’s had joy here before,” Gerrard concluded.🎥 A team news update from the manager at today’s press conference. pic.twitter.com/eTA3bxLHu6— Rangers Football Club (@RangersFC) February 19, 2019last_img read more

From New York to Alabama blacks worshipped in own spaces before slaverys

first_img Share This! Old Ship AME Zion Church in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Share This! Old Ship AME Zion Church in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email,This story is part of a Religion News Service series on slavery and religion published as Americans commemorate the 400th anniversary of the forced arrival of enslaved Africans in Virginia. The rest of the series can be found here.NEW YORK (RNS) — On a narrow street in Harlem sits the oldest black church in New York state, one of many black congregations that developed in the decades before slavery ended nationwide and that worked for its abolition.“Mother AME Zion Church is without question, insofar as New York City is concerned,” says its new pastor, the Rev. Malcolm Byrd, “the grand depot of the Underground Railroad.”As the nation marks the 400th anniversary of the forced arrival of Africans in Virginia — and New York notes the centennial of the Harlem Renaissance — this “Freedom Church” joins others that have represented the enduring faith of slaves, free blacks and their descendants. Historians say the total number is hard to determine but there were likely more than 100 black churches in existence before the 1865 ratification of the 13th Amendment, which officially abolished slavery.Sojourner Truth circa 1864. Photo courtesy of Creative CommonsA who’s who of black history figures worshipped and spoke at Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — including abolitionists Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth — when it was at earlier locations after its founding in 1796 or at its current neo-Gothic site on 137th Street in Harlem.Truth joined Mother AME Zion in 1829 after leaving predominantly white John Street Methodist Church, where scholars say people of African descent could not serve in leadership and had to wait to take Communion until whites had partaken of the sacrament.A group of black members left that white congregation in 1796 to form a separate church that included black licensed preachers such as James Varick, who later became the first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, a denomination formed 25 years later.RELATED: Angela, a First African, tells her story in Jamestown, but her faith is a mystery “Put yourself in their situation,” said the Rev. William McKenith, historian for the 1.4 million-member AME Zion Church. “Here you are a human being, but by virtue of your circumstance, you’re being treated less than human, even in the church, and you want to express your humanity.”McKenith said their quest for freedom from oppression was fueled by an amalgam of current history and personal experience: the American Declaration of Independence from Great Britain, the Haitian Revolution’s goal of conquering slavery and French rule, and their own African traditions that affirmed their humanity.The Rev. William McKenith. Courtesy photo“The church from the very beginning was always talking about a liberation motif,” he said of the theological linking of salvation and freedom. “The gospel resonated with them and they saw the liberation aspect of the gospel and that inspired them. That was their inspiration — like the declaration was the inspiration of the country to form a new nation.”Other prominent black churches where free blacks, former slaves and slaves worshipped in the 1700s and early 1800s include First African Baptist Church of Savannah, Ga.; Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia; and Mother Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, S.C. Some, such as Mother Emanuel, had to worship underground when laws in their states were passed to prevent blacks from gathering on their own for worship or having their own preachers.But, whether in established buildings or secret spaces, their congregants’ faith persisted along with their desire for freedom.“The states are passing laws against behavior that already exists,” said the Rev. Cheryl Townsend Gilkes, professor of sociology and African American studies at Colby College.“African Americans did not become Christian by default but they came out of slavery with a Christianity that was critical of the people who enslaved them.” Adelle M. Banks Adelle M. Banks, production editor and a national reporter, joined RNS in 1995. An award-winning journalist, she previously was the religion reporter at the Orlando Sentinel and a reporter at The Providence Journal and newspapers in the upstate New York communities of Syracuse and Binghamton.,Load Comments,Leaders of religious right balk at labeling Trump a racist Old Ship AME Zion Church in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Adelle M. Banks AMBankstw Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Under the supervision of a free black man, a group including several slaves relocated the building — by rolling the building on logs, according to the church’s official history — to the site on the edge of the city where the congregation began in 1852, said Montgomery historian Richard Bailey.A decade later, its first black minister, still a slave at the time, replaced white clergy who had previously served in its pulpit. And, as the AME Zion Church began its expansion into the South after the Civil War, Old Ship, known at one time as Clinton Chapel, joined the denomination.Frederick Douglass, circa 1879. Photo by George K. Warren/National Archives/Creative CommonsRELATED: Montgomery, Ala., churches part of city’s 200-year history of slavery, civil rightsJust like its AME Zion counterpart in New York’s Harlem, Old Ship attracted a range of prominent speakers over the years — including Douglass.The 1974 history of the denomination, “The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church: Reality of the Black Church,” notes that the New York church was one of the places where a large crowd of blacks welcomed him back to the U.S. in 1847. He had left for England two years before as a fugitive slave and returned a free, and much more well-known, man.“What contrast is my present with my former condition? Then a slave, now a free man,” wrote Douglass of his return, as quoted in the AME Zion history book, “my name unheard of beyond the narrow limits of a republican slave plantation; now, my friends and benefactors people of both hemispheres, to heaven the praise belongs!” Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email,About the authorView All Posts News • Photos of the Week News Old Ship AME Zion Church in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks The Rev. Malcolm Byrd at Mother AME Zion Church in New York. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Blacks joined independent Baptist congregations and new denominations like the AME and AME Zion churches, leaving behind white churches and eventually white preachers, whose sermons to slaves — in sanctuaries and on plantations — often focused on Scripture passages about slaves obeying masters or left out portions of the Bible that told stories of exodus.RELATED: Museum highlights ‘Slave Bible’ that focuses on servitude, leaves out freedom“All you have to do is look at the spirituals to see where African Americans were connecting with the Bible in spite of the fact that you had white missionaries who had a truncated Bible that they were sharing with slaves because they didn’t want them to know about Moses,” Gilkes said. “They didn’t want them to know about some of the liberative aspects of the Christian doctrine.”Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in Montgomery, Ala., for example, was founded by blacks in that city when white leaders of the expanding Court Street Methodist Church gave black members their old building, said church historian Kathy Dunn Jackson. Blacks had previously worshipped in the balcony or an outdoor brush arbor. A large stained glass window at Mother AME Zion Church in New York. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Email Catholicism Old Ship AME Zion Church in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Bankscenter_img Instagram apostasy stirs controversy over Christian ‘influencers’ August 30, 2019 By: Adelle M. Banks AMBankstw Share This! The Rev. Malcolm Byrd at the crypt James Varick, the first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, below Mother AME Zion Church in New York. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church across from the National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Montgomery, Ala., churches part of city’s 200-year history of slavery, civil rights By: Adelle M. Banks AMBankstw Share This! Mother AME Zion Church in New York’s Harlem neighborhood. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Photos of the Week August 30, 2019 As Amazon burns, Vatican prepares for summit on region’s faith and sustainabilit … August 30, 2019 Mother AME Zion Church in New York’s Harlem neighborhood. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks By: Adelle M. Banks AMBankstw Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in New York’s Harlem neighborhood. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Share This! Tags400th anniversary Alabama AME Zion Church churches Frederick Douglass Harlem homepage featured slavery Slavery400,You may also like Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church across from the National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Montgomery, Ala. RNS photo by Adelle M. Banks Facebook Twitter Pinterest LinkedIn ReddIt Emaillast_img read more

Marmosets found to learn to take turns when vocalizing

first_img © 2015 Phys.org More information: Vocal turn-taking in a non-human primate is learned during ontogeny, Published 22 April 2015. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0069 AbstractConversational turn-taking is an integral part of language development, as it reflects a confluence of social factors that mitigate communication. Humans coordinate the timing of speech based on the behaviour of another speaker, a behaviour that is learned during infancy. While adults in several primate species engage in vocal turn-taking, the degree to which similar learning processes underlie its development in these non-human species or are unique to language is not clear. We recorded the natural vocal interactions of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) occurring with both their sibling twins and parents over the first year of life and observed at least two parallels with language development. First, marmoset turn-taking is a learned vocal behaviour. Second, marmoset parents potentially played a direct role in guiding the development of turn-taking by providing feedback to their offspring when errors occurred during vocal interactions similarly to what has been observed in humans. Though species-differences are also evident, these findings suggest that similar learning mechanisms may be implemented in the ontogeny of vocal turn-taking across our Order, a finding that has important implications for our understanding of language evolution. Explore further Citation: Marmosets found to learn to take turns when vocalizing (2015, April 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-04-marmosets-vocalizing.html In the primate world, only humans are able to listen to a sound made by someone else and mimic it, a skill that has led to communication and the different languages spoken around the world. Scientists know that part of communicating involves one person listening to what another says, before responding. This requires an ability to understand what it means to take turns when vocalizing. In this new study, the researchers have found that a young marmoset (a small silvery coated South American monkey) was also able to learn to take turns as part of vocalizing.In their study, the researchers studied the vocalizations of a pair of captive marmoset twins (and their parents) over the first year of their life and report that they observed two parallels to language development. The first was that taking turns when vocalizing was a learned behavior. The second was that the young marmosets were essentially taught to take turns vocalizing by their parents in ways that are similar to the methods human parents use to teach children to wait for another person to finish speaking before they try to speak themselves.In watching the monkeys as they grew, the researchers noted that if a youngster made a vocalization while a parent was vocalizing, that vocalization was typically ignored by the adult, which resulted over time in the youngster learning to wait for the adult to finish before vocalizing. They noted that as time passed, the young monkeys became less likely to interrupt—though it was more pronounced with their mother than with their father.The researchers suggest their findings indicate a learning mechanism that is similar across all primates which could lead to a better understanding of the development of language in humans. (Phys.org)—A trio of researchers with the University of California has found that marmosets learn to wait for others to stop making noise before they vocalize, at a very young age. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Cecilia Chow, Jude Mitchell and Cory Miller describe a study they undertook with young marmoset twins and their parents and what they learned by doing so.center_img Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society Common marmoset. (Callithrix jacchus) Credit: Carmem A. Busko/Wikipedia/CC BY 2.5 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Marmoset monkeys know polite conversationlast_img read more