Mumbai, Jan 4 (PTI) Chief PRO team of Central Railway defeated Railway Reporters team in a cricket match by seven wickets.The CPRO CR team comprising officers and staff of the PR department won the toss and elected to field.Railway Reporters team put up a score of 113 runs in 15 overs losing 8 wickets.The match, played at railway sports ground in presence of senior railway officers, had a nail biting finish with the captain (CPRO) Sunil Udasi hitting the winning shot in the penultimate over.Chief PRO team of CR lifted the trophy winning the match by seven wickets.Ulhas Babre of the CPRO team was awarded Man of the Match for hitting 40 runs off 30 balls, including 4 sixes.D K Sharma, General Manager of Central Railway, who was the chief guest at the award presentation function, lauded the railway teams efforts and appreciated the initiative of the PR dept in organising such event.He announced that such cricket matches would now be held annually.”Such events will not only help in boosting the morale of the employees but will also create a better co-ordination with media,” he said.Senior Deputy General Manager and President of Central Railway Sports Association Ashutosh Gangal, Principal Chief Engineer S K Agarwal, Principal Chief Commercial Manager Shailendra Kumar, Principal Chief Personnel Officer N Swaminathan, Divisional Railway Manager of Mumbai Division S K Jain, Chief Security Commissioner of RPF Atul Shrivastava were present on the occasion. PTI APM NSK
About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say New absence for Real Madrid attacker Baleby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveGareth Bale is set to be missing for another two weeks at Real Madrid.The Welsh international suffered a calf problem in the 2-2 draw against Villarreal.First tests have revealed he will be sidelined for around two weeks, although he will undergo further tests. Therefore, Bale will miss the games against Real Sociedad, Leganes (Copa del Rey) and Real Betis, but he could re-appear for the second leg of the Copa del Rey clash with Leganes if all goes well. If he doesn’t make that on time, his objective will be to be fit again for the vital league game against Sevilla at the Santiago Bernabeu on Jan. 19.
Nacho hands Real Madrid heavy injury blowby Paul Vegas23 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveNacho has handed Real Madrid a heavy injury blow.The defender has suffered a ligament injury to his right knee during their 2-2 draw with Club Brugge last night.AS says the setback could see Nacho sidelined for three months.The defender has been played at left-back this season by coach Zinedine Zidane. About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Bryant, the son of former NBA player Joe “Jellybean” Bryant, modeled his game after Michael Jordan and came closer to replicating His Airness’s silky offensive style than anyone we’ve seen. He finished his 20-year career with more points than MJ and stood apart by managing to hit impossible shots from all over the floor, despite having defenses draped over him.What Michael was to Kobe, Kobe became to the next generation of players. One possible sign: The number of guys wearing No. 8, which Bryant wore for the first 10 years of his NBA career, has more than tripled — from seven in 1995-96, the year before Bryant’s rookie season, to 231This list shows 25 players, but two were cut before they actually played a game for the team they entered the preseason with. this season. (In the second half of this career, Bryant wore No. 24, which was more popular than No. 8 before Bryant donned it. Bryant’s adoption of it doesn’t seem to have had much influence leaguewide.)But even though younger NBA players adopted Bryant’s number, few players have adopted his style of play — a ball-dominant one that involved taking tough contested shots inside the arc — as some offenses around the league have become more free-flowing and hyper-efficient.The current players who draw perhaps the most frequent comparisons to Kobe, Thunder guard Russell Westbrook and Raptors swingman DeMar DeRozan (both of whom are from the L.A. area and played there collegiately), each count Bryant as a mentor of sorts and possess a handful of the same skills and flaws that he had.In Westbrook’s case, he’s so talented that he sometimes can dominate the ball too much — even when he has another superstar, or two, on the court with him. And much like Bryant did, DeRozan makes a living from midrange, a shot that goes against the grain of today’s league, where most star wing players have developed a respectable shot from 3-point range.Translation: On any given night, both guys are capable of shooting it less efficiently than other stars because they’re taking far tougher shots than just about everyone else. (DeRozan, in particular, has the highest degree of shot difficulty in the NBA among those who’ve taken at least 200 attempts, according to data from Second Spectrum, which uses high-level tracking equipment in NBA arenas to compile data.) That willingness to launch (miss) scores of contested shots is vintage Kobe.“I don’t care about that crap, and I’m sure he doesn’t either,” said then-Lakers coach Byron Scott after Bryant broke a record for the most missed shot attempts in NBA history. “I don’t mean to cut you off, but to me, it speaks of his aggressiveness and longevity.” It also speaks to his being wired far differently than many other players, who refuse to take shots that have little chance of going down for fear of hurting their field-goal percentages, which factor into future contracts and potential earnings.During the 2015-16 campaign, his farewell season, Bryant attempted more fadeaway jumpers than any guard in the league despite missing 16 games that year. And during the final three-season span of his career, Bryant ranked dead-last among 357 players2Those who attempted at least 500 shots total from the 2013-14 season through the end of the 2015-16 season. in Second Spectrum’s Quantified Shot Quality metric, which estimates the odds of a shot going in by tracking shot and defender distance. Put another way, this means he took the hardest collection of the shots in the NBA in that window. (He also shot worse than expected on those attempts.)It’s worth mentioning a couple of things here. First, it’s not really fair to focus more on Bryant’s misses3Especially late in his career, when he was clearly diminished and arguably the worst volume shooter in the league. than his makes — he was an absolutely devastating scorer in his prime — and defensive accomplishments. Secondly, even his missed shots often turned out to be a good thing. Kirk Goldsberry, then of Grantland, created the “Kobe Assist,” a metric that highlighted how Bryant’s shot attempts attracted so much defensive attention that they opened up easy putback opportunities for his teammates.There’s no telling how much more productive Bryant could have been in this era, one in which coaches, teams and even the league itself are more aggressive about resting their players in hopes of safeguarding them from injury. Bryant, of course, famously pushed himself to play through pain, especially during the final days of the 2012-13 season, in which he tore his Achilles tendon while playing enormous minutes during a playoff push.Both the increased focus on efficiency and the new-age strategy of holding players out for rest make it less likely that we’ll see another star with such a devil-may-care attitude on scoring and health. On some level, that’s what made Bryant’s finale — in which he scored 60 points on 50 shots, both NBA records for a player’s last game — so fitting. Having the courage to fire up tough shots from all over the floor, and worrying about the statistical consequences later, if at all, doesn’t happen much anymore. In fact, it’s an attitude that might’ve gone extinct with Bryant’s exit from the league.Check out our latest NBA predictions. Related: The Lab Retiring a number is the ultimate recognition of a former player’s contribution and legacy to a franchise. But for Kobe Bryant, one number apparently doesn’t do his years with the Los Angeles Lakers justice: Tonight, he’ll become the first player in NBA history to have two different numbers lifted to the rafters by the same team. It’s a fitting honor for a man who played more than 1,300 games, scored more than 33,500 points and won five titles for Los Angeles — yet couldn’t settle on one number to wear.But if there’s one thing we end up remembering the Laker legend for, it should be that he went out as arguably the NBA’s last true gunslinger. The Sixers Still Have Growing Pains To Work Out
Carlos Tevez believes that it is essential that Lionel Messi remains with Argentina and he has urged the national side to do everything in their power to convince him to continue representing them at the international stageThe Barcelona superstar endured a miserable World Cup campaign this summer with Argentina being eliminated at the last-16 stage by eventual champions France after barely scraping through the group stages.The exit from the competition has extended Messi’s long wait for a first senior international title with Argentina head coach Jorge Sampaoli now no longer in charge.But the pressing issue for La Albiceleste now is the uncertain future of Messi, who has yet to confirm his plans for the future.The 31-year-old had briefly retired from international duty following Argentina’s Copa America final defeats to Chile in 2015-16.However, Tevez is certain that cannot happen and he urged his country to do everything in their power to hold on to their all-time leading goalscorer.Match Preview: Barcelona vs Valencia Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Is derby time in La Liga, as Barcelona welcomes Valencia to the Camp Nou Stadium tonight at 21:00 (CET).He told ESPN: “I think Leo has to think about himself,”“He has to think that, if there is not a project that makes him happy and in which he feels comfortable, it is very difficult to take the responsibility of leading Argentina to become champions by himself.“We are wasting a lot of time not having him happy and not being able to give him a hand to achieve that target. I think we are wrong in not being able to help him feel comfortable.“As a player and as an Argentine I tell him that we need him, that he tries to rest, that he keeps a cool head and that we need him. We need him because he is the soul of Argentina and, as long as he continues playing football, it has to be that way because he is Argentina’s biggest idol and he has to take that responsibility.“Now [I tell him] to rest, keep a cool head and try to be well, then we need him to take charge and on the pitch.”Tevez made 76 appearances for Argentina at international level himself, but was not included in the World Cup squad following his return to Boca Juniors earlier this year.
Ananya PandayInstagramShe is young, spunky, confident and rather frank in her chat with the media for Student of the Year 2 (SOTY 2), her acting debut in Bollywood. So when Ananya Panday, actor Chunky Panday’s daughter, tells us that she looks up to Alia Bhatt as her role model in Bollywood, we are not surprised and we know she is following in the right footsteps. Like Alia Bhatt, who made her debut in Karan Johar’s production and directorial Student of the Year, Ananya Panday makes her debut in SOTY 2. The sequel is produced by Dharma Productions and directed by Punit Malhotra.International Business Times, India speaks to Ananya Panday on her experience working in her debut film, her first co-star Tiger Shroff, her upcoming projects, being an industry kid and her father Chunky Panday’s struggle, and her bestie Suhana Khan.Ananya also speaks about working with Tiger Shroff and Will Smith, and not getting a chance to work with her favourite Varun Dhawan and Sidharth Malhotra. Ananya, who is rather popular on Instagram, also reveals how she tackles trolls. Excerpts from the chat.IBTIMES: This is your debut film and first experience of promoting a film. How has been the experience?Ananya Panday: We’re just back from shooting for Super Dancer (the dance reality show). This is my first promotional, so I’m excited for everything. Karan Johar gave me the title ‘Keen Kumari’ on Koffee with Karan. So, I’m really taking that forward and I’m the enthu cutlet of the group. I’m very excited about the promotions and all these firsts that I’m having for my debut SOTY 2, like my first song launch, first trailer launch first city visit and so on. I’m never gonna get this time again, so I’m just making the most of it.Tell us about your character in Student of the Year 2. Did you audition for the role with Dharma Productions? Student of the Year 2 poster.TwitterMy character’s name is Shreya. She’s very feisty and won’t take no for an answer. She fights for what she thinks is right, but is a little misunderstood. I’m quite similar to my character.The first time I heard the script of SOTY 2 was in this room (where the interview was being conducted at Dharma), so it’s weird – I’ve not come here after that. I gave an audition in another room and it was a very scary, ‘cos I thought Karan Johar will be there. But he wasn’t there and later saw the audition video of my two scenes, and the team really liked it.At the time, I was just 18 and on my way to USC (University of Southern California) to study media and communication. I was being practical that if I don’t get through the audition of SOTY 2, I would study and then maybe come back and pursue acting. If I hadn’t landed SOTY 2, I don’t know which film would’ve been my debut. Being young, there are not many roles that I could do. But I cleared the auditions and once I knew I was part of the film, I stayed back.Have you trained as an actor in a film school?I’ve always wanted to be an actor, but I’m not a trained actor. I’ve just played ‘acting games’ with Suhana Khan (Shah Rukh Khan’s daughter) and Shanaya Kapoor (Sanjay Kapoor’s daughter), imitating our moms Gauri, Bhavna and all. (Smiles) I’ve pursued drama in school. Since my grandparents were doctors and I love biology as a subject, I almost had this moment in life when I thought I’ll be a doctor. But no, acting is my calling. I’m a very filmi bachcha.SOTY 2 releases on May 10. Are you nervous about your Bollywood debut? Are you ready for the comparisons with the original Student of the Year?I’m actually very excited. I was nervous before the trailer launch. But now, I’m just waiting for people to watch it. We’ve worked so hard and for so long. There’s so much love attached to this film. I think it’s natural that people are gonna compare the two films, since it’s a franchise. And the first three students have such a big, massive fan-following. It’s normal to compare, but SOTY 2 is a very different film, so I don’t know what points audiences will compare it on. I hope they like our film as well.What was the advice from Karan Johar for SOTY 2?Karan asked me whose career I looked up to in the industry and who I aspired to be, and I said, ‘Alia Bhatt’. She’s my absolute favourite since the start. I’m not trying to be like Alia or follow what she’s done, but I really admire her. Karan told me, ‘You do you’. Alia is where she is because she has been herself and always made her own decisions, and done different things, which people have appreciated. Alia Bhatt with Ananya Panday.InstagramHow were your preparations for SOTY 2?I’m very lucky that my first film was with Tiger Shroff. I really had to keep my energy levels high and up my game in dance. I’ve learnt from Tiger Shroff now, but I really had to practice my steps, ‘cos he was always practicing, even if there were two minutes in between shots.Apart from Tiger Shroff, how was it shaking a leg with Hollywood star Will Smith?I missed not shaking a leg with Varun Dhawan and Sidharth Malhotra, the original stars in Student of the Year. Will Smith was a good alternative to that. There was so much hype before he entered the set and everyone was quiet. Once he came in, it was even more magical. He’s such a lovely person and didn’t have any airs about him. Between shots, he didn’t behave like some star, although he has every right to. That’s something we all need to learn from him.You belong to a film family and enjoy certain privileges. Do you think about it?I’m well aware of my privilege, like I’ve said on KWK, too that I know I belong to a film family. But for me it’s been like, my father was a huge star before I was born. After I was born, he took a break from those big films. I have seen ups and downs in his career, and know well enough not to take advantage of anything. I also auditioned for this film, and this has been my dream as well. So, I don’t think it’s fair to take that away from me. I don’t want to take anything away from my father as well, because he’s worked so hard and got a lot of respect and love in the industry. Wherever I go, it’s always about my father. So, I don’t want any negative attachments associated with my dad because of me. I think I just have to work doubly hard and find my place in people’s hearts.Do you follow your father Chunky Panday’s work?I love his film Aankhein because I love Govinda and his chemistry in the film. It’s amazing. I love his recent films like Housefull. I’ve not watched a lot of his old films, but now I should!What advice did your father give you before you entered the industry?He didn’t give any advice, because he knows that the times are very different now. Even if he tries, our generation is too different from theirs, so it might not be applicable right now. But I’ve learnt a lot from his behavior and that he has always stayed the same person in spite of failures and successes. He is always ready to laugh at himself. The fact that he never got affected by failure or trolling helps me, I’m also taking the trolling in a positive way. Thick skin is in our family.What do you have to say about Suhana Khan’s acting debut in Bollywood? Ananya Panday, Suhana Khan and Shanaya Kapoor.InstagramSuhana’s going to NYU (New York University) for studying acting and I think that’s amazing. She is such a good actor, if you’ve seen her videos online. I’ve always seen her act and loved how she is. We don’t have any serious conversations about acting. We’re like sisters so, it’s the fun and fluffy stuff. But if anyone is making a film on three best friends, please cast Suhana, Shanaya and I – maybe a Dil Chahta Hai 2!Suhana and Shanaya were so excited seeing me in the SOTY 2 trailer. I don’t think they can believe it that I’m actually in a film. Even I can’t believe it! When I saw the trailer, I thought it was someone else’s film, but then I realised it’s us on the screen. It’s not sunk in yet. We always send each other pictures on the Charlie’s Angels group that we have on WhatsApp. There’s just so much love around SOTY 2.How does it feel when fans shout out your name during promotions?We have Tiger with us, so everyone’s screaming for Tiger! So, we (Tara and Ananya) are just like, ‘Hi, please notice us. We’re also here’. Most of the attention of fans is with Tiger and I’m happy. We’re very lucky that we’ve such a big star. He’s so humble and the attention he is getting is crazy. We’re just getting a small part of it. I hope that one day I will get the same.How did you land a role in Pati, Patni Aur Who? Taapsee Pannu was supposed to play a part in in the film, but was dropped without notice. Any comments?They saw me in a Lakme ad and that is how I landed the role. Actors in general, and I, don’t get involved in the casting process. I think the role that Taapsee was supposed to do was the one Bhumi Pednekar is doing. I don’t think she lost the role because Taapsee is an outsider. I think talent speaks…I’d love to work with Taapsee Pannu one day.We guess this grounded nature comes to Ananya Panday from her family.My mom gives me a reality check. She’s been through my father’s ups and downs, so now she knows how it is. When you are in that storm, like my dad was, my mom saw it from the outside.How do you react to the various memes around SOTY 2 on social media?I love it! Since Koffee with Karan only my expressions have become memes. I love sharing them and put them out on my (Instagram) Stories and they’re really funny.Will you be choosy about your films?I don’t think I ever want to take a break. I don’t think I want to not be in front of people’s eyes for a long time, because I feel that people’s attention span is short. So, I wanna make sure I do as much good work as I can. I don’t want to take it easy or take things lightly. I just want to keep working and keep being visible to people.
Share WIKI COMMONSU.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions is taking aim at policies that keep federal law enforcement officials away from businesses selling pot in states that have legalized its use.Sessions has rescinded Obama-era directives that discouraged enforcement of federal marijuana laws in states that had legalized the substance. This comes as marijuana businesses in Texas prepare to sell a non-psychoactive cannabis oil approved by the state.CREDIT RYAN POPPE / TEXAS PUBLIC RADIOMorris Denton, CEO of Compassionate CultivationMorris Denton, CEO of Compassionate Cultivation, one of three marijuana dispensaries approved by Texas under the state’s Compassionate Use Act, doesn’t see his business becoming a target.“I don’t believe that Texas is going to fall anywhere near the ‘high-end of the priority list,’ ” Denton said. “I think the focus on this action is on states that have very broad and very open legal recreational market, and that’s not us. The cannabis that we grow is very low in THC.”THC is the psychoactive component that produces a “marijuana high.”Compassionate CultivationSessions’ directive doesn’t go into specifics about which states it will target or when.Heather Fazio, executive director for Texas’ Marijuana Policy Project, is calling on Gov. Greg Abbott to stand up and defend Texas’ Compassionate Use Act, the 2015 bill he signed into law.“The states are going to have to defend the policies they’ve put in place. Even though our program — the Compassionate Use program — is unreasonably restrictive, it is in violation of federal law,” Fazio said.Calls to the governor’s office and the state’s attorney general on whether or not they would defend the state’s law against federal prosecutions were not immediately returned.
By Lauren E. Williams, Special to the AFROCurrent Miss Black USA Daphne Lee will pass on her crown this weekend during the Miss Black USA 2018 pageant in the nation’s capital. A professional ballerina, graduate student and ambassador to the Republic of Sierra Leone, Lee previously held the title of Miss Black New Jersey before winning the historic, national competition.Unlike other pageants, Miss Black USA is a scholarship pageant focused on redefining beauty and highlighting the diversity of women of color. It was founded in 1986 to showcase Black women and support them in their pursuit of higher education.Miss Black USA, now the biggest pageant for women of color, will crown its next national queen August 12. (Courtesy Photo)“Growing up I often read about the protracted stories of African-American she-roes, and I was inspired by them to use whatever talents I had to give back,” Karen Arrington, founder and CEO of the Miss Black USA pageant, told the AFRO. “But as I watched mainstream media I didn’t see positive images of women who looked like me. So, I thought that creating a pageant could be a great platform to celebrate the achievements of African-American women who had been disproportionately represented in mainstream media.”Today, Miss Black USA is the largest national pageant for women of color and, according to the pageant’s website, the “largest single source of scholarship funding for Black women” with more than $500,000 in scholarships awarded. Contestants range from college students and graduate students to professional women. The Maryland-based non-profit organization has also expanded to include additional competitions for teens and older women.“Miss Black USA has changed greatly since we started,” Arrington told the AFRO. “Among many things, we now have a library named in our honor at the Lower Basic Primary School in the Gambia, West Africa. Miss Black USA gets to travel there and read to students while representing our organization.”During what the organization calls her “year of service,” Miss Black USA also travels nationally for the Heart Truth campaign empowering women to take care of their heart health.Arrington continued, “Wherever there is an issue affecting our community, that’s where Miss Black USA will be.”Looking to win the 2018 title are 38 contestants from across the country, according to Arrington. They will compete in four competitions: 1) Onstage Question, 2) Talent, 3) Evening Gown, and 4) Lifestyle and Fitness.On hand to judge this year’s competition are Dr. Myla Bennett, a celebrity doctor and philanthropist seen on Bravo’s Real Housewives of Atlanta; Thomas W. Dortch. Jr., Chairman of the Board of Directors for The National Black College Alumni Hall of Fame; and Ocielia Gibson, a former Miss Black USA, author, and speaker. The event’s host will be Stevie Baggs Jr., a former NFL athlete, who previously starred as the bachelor on WE-TVs Match Made in Heaven.Finals for the Miss Black USA 2018 pageant take place August 12 at the University of the District of Columbia.
By J. K. Schmid, Special to the AFROThe Lieber Institute for Brain Development announced the creation of the first African-American Neuroscience Research Initiative (AANRI) Monday.The Lieber Institute, a Baltimore nonprofit research center, boasts the largest repository of human brains in the world.Lieber also possesses the largest inventory of African-American brains in the world.Expanding a collection of African-American brains is hoped to give the AANRI expanded knowledge in the treatment of Black Americans andmitigate risks.The brains are used in research that explores the link between mind and body looking at physical characteristics of post-mortem brains to discover treatments for psychiatric and psychological ailments including post-traumatic stress and schizophrenia.“Research shows that African Americans are 20 percent more likely to experience serious mental health problems than the general population, and twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s Disease,” a March press release said. “Suicide rates for African-American children under the age of 13 are twice as high as children of European ancestry. African-American infant death rates and premature birth rates also are twice that of European ancestry Americans.”Expanding a collection of African-American brains is hoped to give the AANRI expanded knowledge in the treatment of Black Americans and mitigate risks.“Research has long been hampered by a lack of diversity in basic science and in clinical trials, particularly in the field of neuroscience,” the release reads. “For example, 81 percent of large-scale genomic datasets are of European descent, even though this group makes up less than 16 percent of the world population.”The social construct of race has long been critiqued in the medical community. Race may not matter, but “ancestry matters,” representatives of Lieber say.While genomics (the study of a complete set of DNA) research continues the history of humanity in the African continent, AANI focuses it work on the diaspora in the United States and throughout the Americas.The limited, that is, White, sampling of genomes (“full” patterns of DNA) exposes Black Americans to risks of suboptimal to dangerous drug interactions and other complications in the treatment of mental illness.Soliciting tissue from Black Americans is a fraught topic in the aftermath of the monstrous experiments in Tuskegee and violations of basic bodily autonomy and consent in the case of Henrietta Lacks. Lieber and AANI are taking careful conciliatory steps to make sure Baltimore’s Black community is invited into something that will be by and for Blacks.“My clergy colleagues and I have been studying the emerging science behind precision medicine and believe that this technology has potential for finding cures and treatments for diseases that uniquely affect African Americans,” Rev. Dr. Alvin C. Hathaway, Sr., principal of the African-American Clergy Medical Research Initiative, said in a statement. “This revolution in medicine has largely left behind ethnic minority groups like African Americans, and it is time to change this.”
Citation: Diamond inclusions suggest free flowing water at boundary between upper and lower mantle (2018, March 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-diamond-inclusions-free-boundary-upper.html More information: O. Tschauner et al. Ice-VII inclusions in diamonds: Evidence for aqueous fluid in Earth’s deep mantle, Science (2018). DOI: 10.1126/science.aao3030AbstractWater-rich regions in Earth’s deeper mantle are suspected to play a key role in the global water budget and the mobility of heat-generating elements. We show that ice-VII occurs as inclusions in natural diamond and serves as an indicator for such water-rich regions. Ice-VII, the residue of aqueous fluid present during growth of diamond, crystallizes upon ascent of the host diamonds but remains at pressures as high as 24 gigapascals; it is now recognized as a mineral by the International Mineralogical Association. In particular, ice-VII in diamonds points toward fluid-rich locations in the upper transition zone and around the 660-kilometer boundary.Press release A team of researchers from the U.S., China and Canada has found evidence in diamonds of free-flowing water in the boundary between Earth’s upper and lower mantle. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes analyzing inclusions in diamonds spewed from volcanoes and what they found. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The researchers were looking for molecular forms of carbon dioxide as part of carbon cycling in the Earth’s mantle when they came across evidence of something else. They had collected diamonds spewed from volcanoes (or pushed to the surface by other geologic activity) in Zaire, China, Sierra Leone and other locations in southern Africa, and were studying them by bouncing X-rays off the diamonds’ inclusions, when they came across samples of ice VII—a form of ice that does not occur naturally at the surface. The find was significant, because ice VII forms at very high pressure—approximately the amount of pressure found at depths of 610 to 800 kilometers beneath the Earth’s surface. This, the team notes, suggests that water must have been freely flowing at such depths to form the inclusions they observed. Such depths, they further note, fall into the transition zone in the mantle, a part of the Earth’s interior that is still a source of mystery.Prior research has shown that the mantle is made up mostly of hot rock under a lot of pressure. It has a lower layer, closest to the core, a transition layer, and an upper layer that eventually meets the crust. Prior research has also shown that the upper mantle has some water, which hints that there may also be water in the transition layer. The diamonds the researchers were studying would have been encased in liquid somewhere in the transition zone. The high temperatures there would not have allowed them to crystallize, however—it was only as they moved to the surface that crystallization would have occurred. The high pressure would have been maintained inside the diamond, but the temperature would have dropped dramatically. The idea of water moving around in the transition layer is intriguing, the team reports, because it has implications for tectonic plate shifting. Using Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source, researchers identified a form of water known as Ice-VII, which was trapped within diamonds that crystallized deep in the Earth’s mantle. Credit: University of Chicago. Diamonds show depth extent of Earth’s carbon cycle © 2018 Phys.org Journal information: Science Explore further
YouTube executive have met with Hollywood studios in a bid to secure streaming rights to TV series and movies and compete head on with Netflix, according to a report in the Wall St Journal.According to the paper, citing unnamed sources, YouTube executives Susanne Daniels, who previously served as head of programming at MTV, and former Netflix executive Kelly Merryman are among those involved in the talks. Daniels, who joined YouTube earlier this year, and Merryman, who joined in 2014, both report to chief business officer Robert Kyncl, who also formerly worked at Netflix as vice-president of content acquisitions.According to the sources cited by the Journal, YouTube is focusing its efforts on new content rather than older catalogue titles that form the backbone of rival paid-for services.YouTube could stream the content exclusively on its recently launched YouTube Red premium service or it could seek additionally to distribute the content via traditional channels.YouTube recently launched Red, a premium offering that sells in the US for US$9.99 a month offering ad-free videos and streaming music. The service, which went live at the end of October, is offered automatically to Google Play Music subscribers. The service has promised a line-up of original shows and movies from YouTube content creators, including Scare PewDiePie, a reality-adventure series staring the popular videogame vlogger, and Sing It!, a scripted comedy from YouTube creators Fine Brothers Entertainment and Mandeville Films.
This week’s US presidential candidate debate between Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump marked one of the biggest live streams in YouTube history, according to the service.The debate notched up nearly 2 million live concurrent viewers and 3 million live watch hours across the six news organisations that streamed the debate on YouTube, according to stats published by the video site.“To put these numbers into context, we took a look at 2012 debate viewership on YouTube. Compared to 2012, last night’s debate had 14 times larger live viewership, five times higher watch time, and four times more peak concurrent viewers. And views on all debate-related videos exceeded 88 million,” said Kurt Wilms, product lead, live streaming at YouTube, in a blog post published yesterday.Outside of the US, YouTube said that the top five countries where people tuned into the debate were Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Australia and New Zealand.