In this weeks article, Dr Roarty from Scally McDaid Roarty Medical Practice looks at the topical issue of cervical cancer and the HPV vaccine. The cervix which is often referred to as the neck of the womb is located at the top of a woman’s vagina.There are two main types of cervical cancer and both are treated similarly. It is most common in young women between the ages of 25 and 45 though it can occur in younger and older women.Regular cervical screening where precancerous cells can be detected early has helped reduce the number of cases occurring annually.What kind of symptoms does it cause?Very often there are no symptoms at first. After a time you may experience bleeding in between normal periods, or bleeding after intercourse. Any bleeding in a woman who has gone through the menopause should be checked out by a doctor.Discomfort during intercourse or a malodourous vaginal discharge can also develop and should also be checked out.These symptoms can also be caused by other common conditions so it is worth seeing your doctor if they sound familiar.How is cervical cancer diagnosed?Your doctor will examine your cervix if you report symptoms suggestive of cervical cancer.If cervical cancer is suspected you will be referred to hospital for a more detailed examination and possible biopsy.It confirmed then further tests such as blood tests, CT, MRI and Ultrasound may be used to stage cancer and determine how much it has spread, if at all.This will determine what treatment is required and the likely prognosis.What causes cervical cancer?A tumour begins in one cell which has become damaged and abnormal and begins to multiply out of control.In the case of cervical cancer, the damage to the original cell is usually caused by a virus called human papillomavirus or HPV.Usually, the abnormal or damaged cells are present for years before one of them starts to develop into a cancerous tumour.Other factors that are associated with cervical cancer include smoking and a poor immune system (eg if HIV positive or on immunosuppressant medication).Cervical cancer treatmentAs with many forms of cancer treatment, it may involve surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or a combination of all of these.Which options used will be determined by factors such as the stage of the cancer, your overall health, and whether or not you plan to have children.Your treating consultant will discuss the likely treatment options for your case, the expected success rate, side effects and other important information that you will need to know to help you make an informed decision.Surgery may involve removing the neck of the womb or the entire womb or even adjacent structures if the cancer has spread.Radiotherapy is a type of treatment where high energy beams of radiation are directed at the cancerous tissue to kill the cancerous cells.Chemotherapy involves treatment with medicines which kill cancerous cells or stop them multiplying.What’s the prognosis?As with many cancers, the earlier and therefore more confined the cancer is when detected, the better.If it is confined to the neck of the womb, then treatment is likely to be successful in 90% of cases.The younger you are at diagnosis, the more likely a good prognosis will result.There are new treatments on the horizon and your specialist will give more exact information in your case.HPV and cervical cancerThere are a lot of types of HPV but two types ( 16 and 18) are involved in most cases of cervical cancer.They are usually passed on during sexual intercourse but they do not usually cause any symptoms, so you may not know that you have become infected.In some women these two strains of viruses affect cells at the neck of the womb causing them to become abnormal and later (usually years later) they may become cancerous.It is worth noting that in 90% of women, the body can clear HPV infection and therefore most women who have been infected with HPV will not develop cancer.What is this Cervical Cancer Vaccine?The HPV vaccine is given to girls (and soon to boys) usually in the first year of secondary school. It has been given to millions of children worldwide and is very safe and effective at stopping cervical cancer developing in later life.What about cervical screening?Cervical screening, better known as a smear test looks for abnormal cells before they become cancerous and thus has helped drastically reduce cases of cervical cancer.Cervical cancer is one of the few cancers where treatment can begin before cancer develops.The above information is intended as advice only and should you have any concerns please contact your doctor.Dr Ciarán Roarty MB, BCh BAO MICGP DRCOG Grad. Cert. Obst. Ultrasound is a full-time GP at Scally McDaid Roarty Medical Practice, Scally Place, Letterkenny, Tel 0749164111.Scallys.ieMedical Matters: What is cervical cancer? was last modified: September 19th, 2019 by Scally McDaid RoartyShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Minister of science and technology Derek Hanekom said South Africa is not close to exploiting the full potential of its livestock. Maintaining South Africa’s animal health status is important if the agricultural sector is to sustain its ability to export. Numerous indigenous and exotic diseases which commonly attack livestock in South Africa can only be controlled through vaccination. Disease control strategies in the pork industry, particularly for diseases such as African swine fever, are important for the sector’s economic success. (Images: Wilma den Hartigh) MEDIA CONTACTS • Lizette Stokes Jenni Newman Public Relations +27 11 506 7350 RELATED ARTICLES • Tanzania’s ‘butterfly effect’ • Paying it forward with goat farming • SA farming skills are sought-after • New centre to enhance food securityWilma den HartighSouth Africa’s livestock sector is to receive a significant boost with the launch of the Tshwane Animal Health Cluster, an initiative of the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) to develop local solutions for animal diseases. The initiative will bring together the best minds, skills and expertise in the field of animal health in the Gauteng province to develop new products and services for South Africa’s livestock industry. The participating institutions include the Agricultural Research Council, National Research Foundation, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort Biological Products and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The new project aims to revitalise animal vaccine manufacturing to address diseases of strategic and economic importance in South Africa, find solutions to animal production diseases through technology and innovation, and contribute towards developing skills and expertise in the animal health field.Solutions for disease outbreaks The cluster is good news for the livestock industry’s fight against outbreaks such as foot and mouth disease (FMD), a contagious viral infection that affects cloven hoofed animals, and the African horse sickness virus. Every year, such epidemics cost the industry millions of rands in lost revenue and production, affecting the livelihoods of both commercial and small scale farmers. “Through the establishment of the animal health cluster, we declare our unequivocal intention to make the area of animal vaccine development a global leader on behalf of our nation,” said TIA’s CEO Simphiwe Duma. The TIA is a project of the Department of Science and Technology, which supports technological innovation across all sectors of the economy. Its ultimate goal is to use South Africa’s science and technology base to develop new industries, create sustainable jobs and help diversify the economy from commodity exports towards knowledge-based industries equipped to address modern global challenges.A proactive response to disease management Speaking at the launch, Duma explained that maintaining South Africa’s animal health status is important if the agricultural sector is to sustain its ability to export and prevent the loss of human and animal life. Duma said South Africa is currently in the grip of possibly the biggest FMD outbreak yet, and all exports of cloven hoofed animals and their products which have not been treated to deactivate the virus have been suspended, following the outbreak in northern KwaZulu-Natal. An outbreak of avian influenza recently resulted in the termination of ostrich exports, while African horse sickness is having a devastating impact on the horse industry. This is why the health cluster is so important, as it will create an enabling environment for the development and commercialisation of safe, affordable and effective animal health products for the livestock industry.Creating a thriving livestock sector In his official address, minister of science and technology Derek Hanekom said South Africa is not close to exploiting the full potential of its livestock. “We have to develop a greater appreciation for the role of livestock in the country,” Hanekom said, adding that collaboration between the participating organisations is critical for animal health and a successful agricultural industry. “The agricultural sector is underappreciated in South Africa, but the value of the sector can never be underrated. It provides employment and food security,” he said. “Supporting livestock and animal health is critical and the role of productive animals in South Africa is important.”Animal health and the economy According to Duma the market potential for the animal health industry is estimated between R5-billion (US$580-million) and R6-billion ($696-million), and there is also great value in vaccines. “South Africa has been developing veterinary vaccines for over 100 years, especially in the area of insect-borne diseases,” he said. The first vaccine for rinderpest played an important role in eradicating the disease in Africa. Caiphus Ramoroka, head of the TIA’s agri-biotech sector, explained that the development of the rinderpest vaccine – with the help of veterinarian professionals through global partnerships – demonstrates the value of scientific collaboration. According to the South African Animal Health Association, the country’s animal health market generated revenues of R1.63-billion ($190-million) in 2009, at an average treatment coverage rate of about 35%, and vaccines contributed R440-million ($51-million). “Evidently, animal health is an unsung contributor to our country’s economy and wellbeing,” he said.New generation vaccines During a panel discussion on animal health at the event, Prof Robert Bragg, from the faculty of natural and agricultural sciences at the University of the Free State, spoke about new possibilities in vaccine development. “Advances in vaccine development is the new frontier,” Bragg said. “Vaccination is the prime disease control method but all the easy vaccines have been made, this is why we need to look at a new generation of vaccines.” He believes that South Africa’s research community should also consider the use of nanotechnology, which can play a vital role in increasing the potency of drugs. “This is a very interesting time to be involved in science. Technology is developing at an exponential rate,” he says. However, he warns that one of biggest challenges is implementation. “Technology promises much, but this is all on paper. Technology has to prove itself.”Technology must be accessible and relevant Dr Johan van Rensburg, group GM for Afrivet, said developing technology such as new vaccines and drugs that are accessible to all farmers should be a priority for researchers. He explained that South Africa is in a unique position as the country’s livestock population is in the hands of both small scale and commercial farmers. This poses a challenge in terms of access to new technology, particularly for the small scale sector. “Small scale farmers are major players and can benefit from such technology, but it is important that they also receive training in how to apply high technology vaccines,” Van Rensburg says. He emphasised the importance of finding animal health remedies suitable for South African conditions. “For example, we need to develop something that can lie in the sun,” he explained. The commercial livestock sector also needs a greater focus on developing technologies focused on improving production. “Bringing fantastic technology to the market, training farmers and enabling access to technology can help the livestock sector in South Africa to thrive.”
When the Congress sidelined the ambitious Himanta Biswa Sarma in 2015, the Bharatiya Janata Party, desperate to make Assam its base for expansion in the northeast, sniffed an opportunity. The BJP made him draw up the blueprint for ousting the Congress in the 2016 Assembly elections, besides forging an alliance with the Bodoland People’s Front, which had parted ways with the Congress in 2014, and the Asom Gana Parishad. The alliance won 86 seats — and the Assam election.How did he get a bigger role?Mr. Sarma, 49, got the Finance portfolio in the new government, and the BJP gave him a bigger role. He was made convener of the North East Development Alliance (NEDA), whose primary task was to bring disparate regional parties on board to fight the common enemy: the Congress. Mr. Sarma got going, first engineering the BJP’s takeover in Arunachal Pradesh from the Congress and helping to turn the tables on the Congress, the single largest party, in Manipur, cobbling up a BJP-led alliance government last year. His role in Tripura, where the BJP had a machinery in place, was limited but his ability to strike deals was vital in the installation of an alliance government in Meghalaya and dealing with a temporary crisis when the rival regional parties — the Naga People’s Front and the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party — fought to tie up with the BJP in Nagaland.How did he rise to power?In the 1990s, the former Assam Chief Minister, Hiteswar Saikia, considered the craftiest leader the Congress has produced in the northeast, had followed his instincts to invest in a young law graduate prone to inviting trouble. The impulsive youngster, Himanta, had cut his teeth in the All Assam Students’ Union that spearheaded the anti-foreigners’ agitation from 1979 to 1985. He became the “errand boy” of the agitation’s leader, Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, who went on to be the face of regionalism in Assam, and his associate Bhrigu Kumar Phukan. While Saikia died weeks before completing his term in 1996, the Congress earned dividends from his investment when Mr. Sarma wrested the Jalukbari Assembly seat from Mr. Phukan, one of his political mentors, in 2001. The Congress under Tarun Gogoi tweaked its policy of overlooking firsttimers to make Mr. Sarma a junior Minister in 2002. Why did he fall out with Gogoi?Mr. Sarma worked his way up to become one of Mr. Gogoi’s most trusted lieutenants. He established himself as a multi-tasker: nurturing his constituency and performing better than his colleagues in the Gogoi Ministry and taking care of niggles within the party. His acumen as a strategist came to the fore in the 2006 Assembly elections. He managed the Congress’s 2011 campaign too, helping the party win an unprecedented 78 seats. But Mr. Gogoi’s bid to project his son Gaurav, a parliamentarian now, upset Mr. Sarma, and he drifted away from the Congress. He had a camp of supporters and challenged Mr. Gogoi’s leadership. Some of his supporters switched over to Mr. Gogoi, who enjoyed the high command’s support. A sulking Mr. Sarma became a recluse before resurfacing in August 2015 as arguably the BJP’s biggest catch in Assam. A few weeks later, 10 Congress MLAs followed him to the BJP. Mr. Gogoi called it “good riddance,” but many Congress leaders sensed this could spell trouble for the party. However, Mr. Sarma had come to the BJP with a handicap — allegations of involvement in the Saradha chit fund scam and the Louis Berger bribery case — just as a couple of TADA cases, dismissed long ago, had preceded his joining the Congress.What lies ahead?The former Assam BJP president, Siddhartha Bhattacharyya, who had pushed for inducting Mr. Sarma into the party, wondered why the Congress was “letting go of an asset despite everything.” Though Mr. Sarma has proved himself, the real test would be to make the BJP a force to reckon with in the Christian-majority Mizoram, considered difficult to crack, where elections are due this year-end.
AP, Categories: Local San Diego News, National & International News Mattis expected to send hundreds of troops to border AP FacebookTwitter WASHINGTON (AP) — Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is expected to sign an order as early as Thursday sending 800 or more troops to the southern border to support the Border Patrol, a U.S. official said.Mattis is responding to a request from President Donald Trump, who says he’s “bringing out the military” to address what he’s calling a national emergency at the border.The U.S. official was not authorized to speak publicly because not all details of the military arrangement had been worked out, and so spoke on condition of anonymity.The additional troops are to provide what one official described as logistical support to the Border Patrol. This would include a variety of things such as vehicles, tents and equipment, and perhaps medical support. It was not immediately clear how many, if any, of the extra troops would be armed. Because they would not be performing law enforcement duties they would not be in violation of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits the federal government from using the armed forces in a domestic police role.There already are about 2,000 National Guard troops assisting at the border under a previous Pentagon arrangement.A small group of Honduran migrants trying to reach the U.S. border walk along train tracks in Trancas Viejas, Veracruz state, Wednesday, Oct. 24, 2018. As a caravan of thousands of Central Americans renewed their slow march toward the U.S. on Wednesday, others chose to travel in smaller groups following routes well-worn by decades of migrants fleeing poverty and violence.(AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell) October 25, 2018 Posted: October 25, 2018
WILMINGTON, MA — The Wilmington-Tewksbury Chamber of Commerce profiles a different member in the local media each week. In this week’s “Chamber Corner,” the Chamber is spotlighting CareOne at Wilmington.Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedCHAMBER CORNER: Meet Assunta Perez Of DaMore LawIn “Business”CHAMBER CORNER: Learn About Align Credit Union’s Student AccountsIn “Business”CHAMBER CORNER: Learn About Michaela Klofac From AFLACIn “Business”
Comment 1 How to stop climate catastrophe | What the Future “The velocity of change across these and other technological fronts is extremely high; the international effort to manage these rapid advances has been, to date, grossly insufficient,” reads the new statement from the Bulletin.The panel also focused on the threat of climate change and the renewed rise in global greenhouse emissions following a plateau in recent years.Susan Solomon, a professor of environmental studies at MIT, said the US failure to stop a rise in carbon emissions is “simply an act of gross negligence.”While the clock did not advance closer to midnight this year after two years of inching toward the brink, Bronson and the other panelists were clear to keep the focus on doom and gloom. Sci-Tech Tags Now playing: Watch this: 6:23 Share your voice “[The 2019 time] should not be taken as a sign of stability but as a stark warning,” Bronson said.But rather than despairing and retiring to the family fallout shelter to Netflix-and-chill our lives away, the Bulletin lays the task of turning back the clock at the feet of the public.”Today, citizens in every country can use the power of the Internet to fight against social media disinformation and improve the long-term prospects of their children and grandchildren. They can insist on facts, and discount nonsense. They can demand action to reduce the existential threat of nuclear war and unchecked climate change.”Naturally, the Bulletin even includes a hashtag, because what better tool to save the world, right?Fight the Power: Take a look at who’s transforming the way we think about energy. Crowd Control: A crowdsourced science fiction novel written by CNET readers. We’re still living in the most perilous times since the end of World War II, according to the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists and its trademark Doomsday Clock, which remains set at just two minutes to midnight for the second year in a row.The clock is a kind of metric — midnight represents doomsday — that the organization contrived decades ago to warn “the public about how close we are to destroying our world with dangerous technologies of our own making.” The Bulletin makes periodic announcements updating the current “time” on the clock, indicating how close we are to some sort of existential catastrophe.It’s two minutes before midnight for the second year in a row. Bulletin of Atomic Scientists In its seven decades of existence, the clock has never been closer to midnight than it is right now. It was also at two minutes before midnight in 1953, at the beginning of the Cold War and a nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union.”We have in fact entered a period we call the ‘new abnormal’,” Rachel Bronson, president and CEO of the Bulletin, said at a press conference Thursday at the National Press Club in Washington, DC.In a lengthy statement released at the same time on its website, the Bulletin laid out how this period is defined by a “devolving state of nuclear and climate security” and “a qualitative change in information warfare and a steady misrepresentation of fact that is undermining confidence in political structures and scientific inquiry.” A series of panelists at the press conference decried the erratic nature of relations between the United States and other nuclear powers like Russia and North Korea, which have often played out on President Trump’s Twitter feed.”Journalists, you love Trump’s tweets,” Jerry Brown, former California governor and the Bulletin’s executive chair, told reporters. “You love the leads that get the clicks … but the final click could be a nuclear strike.”In addition to the threats of nuclear arms, climate change and fake news, Bronson cited risks from nascent technologies like artificial intelligence and synthetic biology. 8 Photos 8 sci-fi ideas that might become science fact pretty soon (pictures)
Activists of the youth wing of India’s main opposition Congress party burn a cut-out with an image of billionaire jeweller Nirav Modi.reutersIn a deja vu moment, a UK Court Judge, Emma Arbuthnot while hearing the bail plea of fugitive diamantaire, Nirav Modi on Friday, March 29, said in a lighter vein that he could share the same space in jail along with India’s liquor baron, Vijay Mallya. Judge, Arbuthnot coincidentally heard Mallya’s extradition trial last year when he had filed an application against the order. At that time, the Indian government shared the video of Mumbai’s Arthur Road jail where it was planning to lodge the flamboyant businessman with the UK Court. The Judge told the lawyers that “she was getting a sense of deja vu” as she ordered the extradition of Mallya last year.During the hearing, the judge asked the prosecution if he knows which part of India would Nirav Modi be jailed in. “Do we know which part of India he [Modi] is being sought in,” the Judge asked. The Crown Prosecution Service, represented by the Indian government, said that it would be the same Mumbai jail where Vijay Mallya will be held in. To this, Judge, Arbuthnot replied in a light-hearted manner that it could even be the same cell as “we know from the previous video that there is still some space left in that jail”.Mumbai’s Arthur Road prison is described as one of the most fortified jails in the country which has also housed the Mumbai, 26/11 attack convict and a Pakistani national, Muhammad Ajmal Kasab. It has been proposed that Vijay Mallya will be kept inside a highly secure barrack of a two-storeyed building of the Arthur Road jail complex. The Indian government recently reviewed the security cover of the Arthur Road jail and submitted the findings along with the video to the UK Court.Judge, Arbuthnot had sought the footage of Arthur Road prison from the Indian government during the Mallya extradition case. The Indian officials responded by saying that the medical as well security arrangements at the prison are in compliance with the international standards and that Mallya once extradited would get complete security cover. LONDON, ENGLAND – DECEMBER 10: Indian businessman Vijay Mallya smokes during a break in his extradition ruling at Westminster Magistrates Court on December 10, 2018 in London, England. India is seeking to extradite Mr Mallya from Britain to face criminal action over loans taken out by his defunct Kingfisher Airlines and debts amounting to £1.1 billion pounds, which Indian authorities say Kingfisher owes. (Photo by Jack Taylor/Getty Images)Jack Taylor/Getty ImagesBoth Modi and Mallya are sought by the Indian government in money laundering and fraud cases amounting to billions of dollars. The fugitive billionaires are currently in the UK, however, Narendra Modi government has sought their extradition, the trial cases of which are being heard in the Westminster Magistrates Court.
(Representational Image)PHILIPPE HUGUEN/AFP/Getty ImagesA policeman guarding a Lok Sabha polling booth in Bengaluru was attacked by a man in an inebriated state at Begur Main Road on April 7. The incident occurred when some local policemen were checking vehicles in the area. When they saw 41-year-old Manjunath roaming in the vicinity, they got suspicious and stopped him for questioning.However, Manjunath was too intoxicated to process what they were saying and got very aggressive. He got verbally abusive and took an officer by the collar of his shirt. When another police officer tried to diffuse the situation, he too was beaten up by Manjunath.”The accused was completely drunk and was not in a position to listen to officials. We were on night patrolling as it is election time. During the time, we spotted Manjunath standing near a local bar late in the late night. He was angry with the officials and even assaulted a couple of officers. He was arrested and produced in front of the court,” a policeman was quoted as saying by Bangalore Mirror.Manjunath was then taken to the police station. However, he was too drunk to process the situation and refused to answer the questions posed by the policemen.The Bommanahalli police station have filed a case under sections 353 (an assault or criminal force to deter public servant from discharge of his duty) and 504 (criminal intimidation) of the Indian Penal Code, reports Bangalore Mirror.
Facebook CEO Mark ZuckerbergReutersFacebook investors have increased pressure on Chairman and CEO Mark Zuckerberg to step down after a New York Times investigation suggested that the social network hired a Republican-owned political consulting and PR firm that “dug up dirt on its competitors”.According to a report in The Guardian on Saturday, Jonas Kron, Senior Vice President at Trillium Asset Management which owns a substantial stake in Facebook, “called on Zuckerberg to step down as board chairman in the wake of the report”.”Facebook is behaving like it’s a special snowflake. It’s not. It is a company and companies need to have a separation of chair and CEO,” Kron was quoted as saying.The New York Times report suggested that Facebook hired Definers Public Affairs, a Washington, D.C.-based conservative firm which did PR work for the social networking giant “and dug up dirt on the company’s competitors and its critics”.In a press call, Zuckerberg denied he had any prior knowledge about this firm.”After reading the article, I got on the phone with our team and we are no longer working with this firm,” he said.Definers allegedly “encouraged the depiction of Facebook’s critics as anti-Semites and had published news articles criticising Facebook’s competitors”.Another Facebook investor Natasha Lamb from Arjuna Capital said the combined role of chairman and chief executive means that “Facebook can avoid properly fixing problems inside the company”, said the report.According to TechCrunch, founded by a Republican campaign manager known for his dirt-digging prowess, Definers is far from a normal, politically neutral contractor.In a statement, Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg also denied any knowledge of the firm.Facebook said that it used the consultant Definers Public Affairs to look into the funding of “Freedom from Facebook” to demonstrate that it was not simply a spontaneous grassroots campaign, as it claimed, “but supported by a well-known critic of our company,” presumably liberal financier George Soros.”To suggest that this was an anti-Semitic attack is reprehensible and untrue,” the company added.Facebook has also refuted the allegation that it knew about Russian activity as early as the spring of 2016 but was slow to investigate it at every turn.As a fallout of the report, Facebook stocks fell 3 per cent on Friday to $139.53, the lowest since April 2017.
More than 100 asylum seekers went on trial on the Greek island of Lesbos on Thursday after protesting against over-crowded camp conditions, an AFP reporter said.More than 100 asylum seekers went on trial on the Greek island of Lesbos on Thursday after protesting against over-crowded camp conditions, an AFP reporter said.The mainly Afghan asylum seekers stand accused of occupying a central square on the island in April 2018.Along with women and children, they staged a sit-in that was swiftly attacked by far-right militants who threw stones and flares, with riot police deployed to keep the two sides apart.”We didn’t do anything. We were attacked by some extreme people. We are innocent,” one of the defendants, Afghan refugee Hadisse Hosseini told AFP outside the courthouse.Among the attackers, 26 have been provisionally identified by police. Their trial date has not yet been set.Over 70,000 refugees and migrants have been stranded in Greece following a mass influx from 2015 onwards. Most were fleeing war-torn Syria and want to go to wealthier EU states such as Germany.Of these, some 15,000 are housed in badly overcrowded camps on Greek islands where living conditions have been repeatedly criticised by rights groups.Conditions are worst on the islands of Lesbos and Samos, where over 10,000 people live in camps built to handle a third of that number.At around 7,000, refugees and migrants on Lesbos currently outnumber the local population by 2.5 to one.