18 Photos Fukushima turns to robots to fix the future Sci-Tech Bottle o’ rads? James Smith The nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl remains the worst nuclear accident in human history, leaving a 1,000 square mile region of the Ukraine uninhabitable since 1986. While some have continued to live there and tourists flock to the radioactive zone in droves (thanks to HBO’s fantastic series), the surrounding areas have been reclaimed by nature. Now, the BBC reports, a team of scientists have produced the first consumer product out of the exclusion zone since the nuclear disaster: An artisan vodka dubbed “Atomik”.The Chernobyl Spirit Company, has brewed up the vodka from “slightly contaminated” rye grain they planted within the exclusion zone. While many traditionally think of vodka as produced from potatoes, these days most vodka is made from grains such as wheat and rye. The one, the only (literally!) bottle of Atomik. Distilled in Chernobyl. James Smith James Smith, an environmental scientist from the University of Portsmouth, is part of the team at Chernobyl Spirit Company and has published numerous studies discussing the effects of radioactive pollutants, with a focus on accidental releases. He’s studied Chernobyl since 1990 and spent time working in Belarus, the Ukraine and Russia. “Our Atomik grain spirit came from an experiment we were doing to see how much radioactivity transferred into different crops in the Exclusion Zone 30 years after the accident,” he says, via email.The experimental plot where the grain was grown is situated about 20 kilometers (12.5 miles) from the Chernobyl reactor. Part of the process also involved using water from Chernobyl’s aquifer, lying about 10 kilometers (6 miles) south of the site of the disaster. The aquifer has been shown to contain traces of radioactivity in the past.”We had the Atomik grain spirit idea as a way to firstly (hopefully) make people think more deeply about the recovery of the Chernobyl affected areas and a way (also hopefully!) to make money to help support the affected communities.”Smith has released a technical report of the creation process on ResearchGate. Part of the report discusses risks associated with the production of the vodka which he says it’s completely safe.”We had to do a risk assessment, but radioactive safety isn’t really a problem,” Smith says. “The beauty of distillation is that it takes nearly all the radioactivity out (except for natural C-14) so we hope people will be happy to drink Atomik.”However, there is one little problem. Anyone wanting to taste the nuclear nectar will have to wait because there is currently only a single bottle of the stuff in existence. Now, I know the internet will be clamoring for a taste, because humans have proven to be incredibly interested in seemingly forbidden liquids. I remember when some suggested we should drink the fluid from an ancient Egyptian sarcophagus that was discovered in 2018. I know you want to taste the not-so-radioactive drop, but you’ll have to wait.The team plan to manufacture more Atomik before the end of the year, with the aim of making a profit they can then give back to the local communities that surround the abandoned exclusion zone. To really ramp up production, the team will need to get the go-ahead from the State Agency of Ukraine for Exclusion Zone Management and from Ukrainian authorities to produce alcohol, Smith says.”Unfortunately this will be slow — we hope to begin only very small scale experimental production this year,” he notes, explaining the Chernobyl Spirit Company is “not taking orders yet.”When they do, we’ll raise a glass. Tags 2 Share your voice Originally posted 10:55 p.m. PTUpdated Aug. 8: Adds additional comments from Smith and links to Spirit Company Comments
Citation: Diamond inclusions suggest free flowing water at boundary between upper and lower mantle (2018, March 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-diamond-inclusions-free-boundary-upper.html More information: O. Tschauner et al. Ice-VII inclusions in diamonds: Evidence for aqueous fluid in Earth’s deep mantle, Science (2018). DOI: 10.1126/science.aao3030AbstractWater-rich regions in Earth’s deeper mantle are suspected to play a key role in the global water budget and the mobility of heat-generating elements. We show that ice-VII occurs as inclusions in natural diamond and serves as an indicator for such water-rich regions. Ice-VII, the residue of aqueous fluid present during growth of diamond, crystallizes upon ascent of the host diamonds but remains at pressures as high as 24 gigapascals; it is now recognized as a mineral by the International Mineralogical Association. In particular, ice-VII in diamonds points toward fluid-rich locations in the upper transition zone and around the 660-kilometer boundary.Press release A team of researchers from the U.S., China and Canada has found evidence in diamonds of free-flowing water in the boundary between Earth’s upper and lower mantle. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes analyzing inclusions in diamonds spewed from volcanoes and what they found. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The researchers were looking for molecular forms of carbon dioxide as part of carbon cycling in the Earth’s mantle when they came across evidence of something else. They had collected diamonds spewed from volcanoes (or pushed to the surface by other geologic activity) in Zaire, China, Sierra Leone and other locations in southern Africa, and were studying them by bouncing X-rays off the diamonds’ inclusions, when they came across samples of ice VII—a form of ice that does not occur naturally at the surface. The find was significant, because ice VII forms at very high pressure—approximately the amount of pressure found at depths of 610 to 800 kilometers beneath the Earth’s surface. This, the team notes, suggests that water must have been freely flowing at such depths to form the inclusions they observed. Such depths, they further note, fall into the transition zone in the mantle, a part of the Earth’s interior that is still a source of mystery.Prior research has shown that the mantle is made up mostly of hot rock under a lot of pressure. It has a lower layer, closest to the core, a transition layer, and an upper layer that eventually meets the crust. Prior research has also shown that the upper mantle has some water, which hints that there may also be water in the transition layer. The diamonds the researchers were studying would have been encased in liquid somewhere in the transition zone. The high temperatures there would not have allowed them to crystallize, however—it was only as they moved to the surface that crystallization would have occurred. The high pressure would have been maintained inside the diamond, but the temperature would have dropped dramatically. The idea of water moving around in the transition layer is intriguing, the team reports, because it has implications for tectonic plate shifting. Using Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source, researchers identified a form of water known as Ice-VII, which was trapped within diamonds that crystallized deep in the Earth’s mantle. Credit: University of Chicago. Diamonds show depth extent of Earth’s carbon cycle © 2018 Phys.org Journal information: Science Explore further
Darjeeling: Once again the intake pipe of the Nippon Hydel Project in Fincheytar, a settlement in the remote parts of Darjeeling, burst endangering the remote settlement.Though no loss of life has been reported, the huge volume of swift moving water destroyed the road, uprooted trees and washed away farmland of local residents. In the past also, there have been numerous instances of the intake pipe bursting in Fincheytar. Nippon Pvt Ltd is the first private hydro power project in West Bengal. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataCommissioned 10 years ago it has a capacity of 3 MW of electricity generation. It is 70 km from Darjeeling and is located in the Bijanbari Block. According to local residents, the intake pipe, which is 4 km long and 4ft in diameter, feeds the reservoir tank supplying water from the Rittu Khola and Kalpokhari. “There pipe burst around noon on Wednesday flooding the road. The force with which the water gushed down the slope there was chances of landslide. Private drinking water pipes were washed away, tress were uprooted and farms were affected. The road to Setikhola remained closed owing to the swift moving water,” claimed a local resident. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThe swift flowing water also damaged the road leading to the Dilpa village. “It is owing to utter negligence that this occurred. The pipe has been leaking at many places. Despite repeated complaints Nippon did not take any action,” added the resident. Around 1,500 people reside in Fincheytar. Incidentally there have been many incidents when the locals have blamed the hydel project for landslides in the area. “We have communicated the matter to the head office in Kolkata. They are sending a technical team for repairs. The plant is closed as of now. Once the technical team repairs the damages the authorities will sit with the local residents, hear their demands and then only the plant will resume operations,” stated a local employee of Nippon. The authorities of Nippon could not be contacted for comments. “We are aware of the situation. This has been occurring often. A permanent solution to the problem has to worked out. The Nippon authorities are in touch with us,” said Deepap Priya P, District Magistrate, Darjeeling. The Gorkha National Liberation Front submitted a memorandum to the project manager on Thursday demanding repairs of the pipeline, compensation for private property destroyed, construction of black top surfaced road with drain and from Nippon Guest House to Phedikhola intake along with water sharing during dry season for the agricultural fields. The project had been commissioned on May 8, 2007. The 3 Mega Watt Hydel Project developed by Nippon Power Limited, a Kolkata-based company, involves the water from two streams Kalipokhari and Rittukhola diverted into a forebay tank from where it rushed down 2 and a half km of channel to drive the turbines.
4. Carry all your data without wires.One downfall with tablets and smartphones is that many have limited storage. It can be handy to carry extra data storage in case you have to make a presentation, download large files or want to watch a movie.The GoFlex Satellite Wireless Mobile Storage ($199.99) by Cupertino, Calif.-based Seagate is a portable hard drive with up to 500GB of storage. It can stream data to any WiFi-capable device. The drive locates any WiFi-enabled devices within range, establishes a secure connection and allows content to be streamed, saved or backed up.. The Transformer Prime tablet from Asus Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. 4 min read The freedomMic Bluetooth microphone 2. Run your Android apps on your PC.The distinction between tablets and laptops becomes even blurrier with the App Player by Campbell, Calif.-based BlueStacks, which lets users run their favorite Android apps on Windows or Mac computers.The free tool launches an Android window on your computer and allows mobile tools such as Google Maps Navigation for mobile, voice recognition and media apps to process faster on a desktop computer than on a mobile device. BlueStacks also has developed a Cloud Connect app that pushes Android apps from smartphones or tablets to PCs.The service is still in beta testing for PCs, and alpha testing for Macs, with a limited number of apps still available. July 6, 2012 How Success Happens 1. Turn your laptop into a tablet and back again.It’s no longer necessary to choose between a laptop and a tablet for travel. An emerging family of lightweight tablets can convert to a notebook-like device and back.Take the Transformer Prime by Asus, a tablet powered by Android’s Ice Cream Sandwich operating system that comes with a full full-size detachable keyboard dock. What you get is a full-featured tablet that’s thin and weighs a little less than a pound a half.While the detachable keyboard can be more useful for typing than a separate Bluetooth keyboard or typing directly on the tablet display, the real reason to consider the Transformer Prime is data connectivity. It comes with an HDMI port, Micro SD Card Reader and USB port. And the ability to plug into most external displays such as monitors and projectors can transform it into a mobile presentation tool.The Transformer Prime starts at about $500 for the 32GB version — comparable to other less business-friendly tablets such as the new iPad from Apple.Related: 6 Tips for Building Better iPad Presentations Listen Now 3. Work comfortably anywhere. On the road, your office is wherever you make it — such as your lap, lobby chair or airline tray. In tight spaces such as these, a portable stand can help boost productivity as well as comfort.For example, consider the tablet and smartphone mounts offered up by Arcadia, Calif.-based Arkon which offers a variety of affordable device- and vehicle-specific mounts for traveling with smartphones and tablets.Desk and travel stands for tablets start at $17.95. There are also car mounts specialized to attach wherever you might be sitting, including cup holders or headrests.Related: 3 Ways to Boost Productivity with Your Smartphone With summer in full swing, many entrepreneurs will be looking to escape the daily grind to relax and recharge on vacation. But while you’ve probably earned some uninterrupted downtime, going off the grid for a week or more might not be a realistic option.Good news is there are plenty of new mobile tools — from device mounts to portable hard drives — that can help keep entrepreneurs connected while traveling this summer. Here are five new tools to help you keep your business operational on your next road trip: 5. Take better notes.Most mobile devices and laptops come with some kind of built-in recording capability, but the quality is usually barely good enough for taking the occasional voice memo, conferencing or recording a quick conversation. To keep real records of your conversations, or to have higher quality voice calls, it can help to have higher quality microphones — both for recording and for mobile collaboration.One example is freedomMic ($79.99) from Oxnard, Calif.-based Scosche Industries. This Bluetooth microphone records audio directly to a nearby iPhone, iPod or iPad. It can clip to the user’s lapel shirt pocket and can capture sound at a range of up to 33 feet from the device. The system mic can filter out background noise and using the hands-free mic can be more convenient than hovering around an iPad on a table or holding up the iPhone to your face.Related: 3 Tips for Saving Money on Mobile Data (Infographic) GoFlex satellite wireless mobile storage The App Player from BlueStacks lets you run your favorite Android apps on your PC Arkon’s universal tablet windshield mount